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中考英语综合填空技巧
作者:郭丽    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:2019    更新时间:2013-5-29         

首字母填空讲解  

如何做好首字母填空题   

 首字母填空类短文题是近几年中考试题经常采用的题型之一,因为它有非常好的信度和效度,又能拉开考生间的分差、提高区分度。这种题型属于能力测试的范畴,它考查的范围极广,可以是英语知识的方方面面,还可能涉及其它学科。它要求考生在充分理解短文的基础上将单词拼写出来,并且单词形式合理,符合语法规范,符合短文需要。这种试题的首字母已给,所填的就必须是该字母开头的单词。这既是一种限制,又是一种提示。  

 可是这种题型因难度相对较大,考生失分现象比较严重。学生要仔细阅读全文,利用上下文提供的有关信息,再仔细阅读相关句子,判断所缺单词的句子成分,才能完成练习。完型填空式中考试卷中最难的题型,最能测量考生实际运用语言的能力。要做好此类题目,考生不但要有较强的语感,善于体会上下文的内在联系,而且要有扎实的语言知识储备和较大的词汇量。  

 考查重点是名词、动词、形容词、副词、数词、介词和代词这几大词类。  

首字母填空特点及中考趋势:  

1)首字母填空题答题时要求既要使所填的词在语法和语义上正确,又要使其符合短文内容与情景的需要,所给出的词首字母同时起着提示和限定的作用。它不仅考查学生在词汇、语法等方面的基础知识,还考察理解、推导、分析等综合能力。  

2)从近几年的考题来看,短文填空题所考查的单词涉及的词性范围较广,几乎涉及到了十大词类;文中所涉及的语言知识面较宽,学生需运用已学过的词法、句法及常用词组、短语、惯用法等知识进行具体分析后再答题,有一定的难度。文章短小、精致,字数通常在100150之间。短文的体裁不一,有记叙文、说明文、议论文等。短文题材丰富,内容通俗易懂,与现代生活紧密相关,如:英国人分期付款购房;度假回来的路上买家具的小故事;食物对不同年龄段的人的不同影响;被驯化的动物可以为人们做事情等,可读性、趣味性强,符合初中生的认知特点。  

首字母填空的解题方法和技巧:  

短文填空题失分率较高,其原因也是较多的。有些同学或急于求成,或过于自信,或为节省时间,在未通读完全文时便匆匆答题。殊不知这样做会适得其反,达不到良好的效果。因此,了解和掌握正确的解题方法和技巧是十分必要的。  

通读全文,了解大意  

 短文中虽有一些词未知,但不影响对文章主要内容的理解。在初步阅读中,可以跳过空格,尽量捕捉文章所提供的内容信息,以及语法结构方面的提示,有助于下一步的分析与判断。   

 再读全文,理清脉络  

 通读全文、掌握大意后,还应逐字逐句地仔细阅读,从文意中找出句与文、句与句、词与句、词与词之间的关系,尤其是一些不易察觉的、隐含的微妙关系,用已知信息去获取未知信息,以便初步确定答案。在答题过程中,同学们可以把有把握的词先填好,逐步减少空格对阅读造成的障碍,然后再仔细推敲剩下的难题。   

仔细推敲,确保准确  

 词义判断正确了不等于答题正确,同学们还应从词法、句法、惯用法等方面考虑答案的准确性。有的学生经过思考确定了一个意思正确的词作为答案,但忽略了从语法角度再进行验证,因而出现了一些与时态、人称等有关的词形变化的错误。如果填的词是名词,首先要考虑到单、复数的问题;如果是动词,要考虑应使用什么时态和语态。   

注意:填入的词既能使句意通顺,又能做到语法、用词搭配的正确。如bought易误答成buylights易误答成lightreaches易误答成reach; heavier易误答成heavy等。 因此,在初步确定答案后,一定还要反复考虑,仔细推敲,确保用词准确  

复读全文,全面检查  

 答题完毕后复读全文,进行核查是必不可少的。做完题后,一定要认真检查,尽量减少粗心所致的笔误或拼写错误,对有疑问的地方,更要根据文章的内容、上下文的语法结构、逻辑发展进行反复斟酌,这样才能尽量避免失分。  

专项题型解析:  

1   Last Sunday the Browns went to the park. They got home very late. Father opened the front door and they both went into the house. It was very (1) d            so Mother turned on the light. On the way to their bedroom, Mother said, “John, (2) l          ! I can hear someone in the bedroom.  

They stood quietly outside the bedroom door. They could hear some(3 ) v           in the room.  

You’re right,”  Father said. “There are two men in it. They are talking.” Then he shouted, “Who is there?” But (4) n          answered. Father opened the door quickly and turned on the light. The room was (5) e          . Then Father found something and laughed. The radio was still on! “I (6) f            to turn it off this morning,” Father said. Then he turned it off.  

   

2  George Ellet had a bright silver dollar for a New-year gift. He thought of all the fine things he might buy with it.  

The ground was all covered with snow and everything1l        beautiful.  

 So George put on his hat, and ran into the street. 2A          he went along the street, he met some boys throwing snowballs. George soon3 j         them. He sent a ball at James Mason, but it missed him, and broke a window on the other side of the street. George feared some one would come out of the house and find him. So he ran off as fast as he 4 c          .  

 As soon as he got round the next corner, George stopped, 5b            he was very sorry for what he had done. He said to 6h           , I have no right to spend my silver dollar now. I ought to go back, and pay for the glass I broke with my snowball. He went up and 7d         the street, and felt very sad. He wished very much to buy something nice. He also wished to pay 8f         the broken glass.  

At last he said, It was 9w          to break the window, though I did not mean to do it. I will go and pay for it. If it takes all my money, I will try not to be sorry. I do not think the man will hurt me10i        I pay for the mischief I have done.  

   

3   I wrote my first poem when I was 5 years old. It was (1) f_______ Mother’s Day.

The poem was not my best work, but my mom kept it – just like she kept every other piece of writing and artwork I ever made. She (2) a________ kept my baby clothes and a piece of hair from my first haircut. Sometimes I feel like my mom runs a museum of (3) m_______ life, and she is the only visitor.

But it feels (4) n________ to be loved like that. Who else would care enough to keep all of my terrible drawings and silly poems? Only a (5) m_________.

(6) O________ Mother’s Day when I was little, I used to bring my mom breakfast in bed, (7) m________ her a card, give her kisses and tell her I loved her. I’d say to her: “You’re the (8) b________ mom in the whole world!”

I don’t get to see my mother very much these days. Now I live in  China , 11,200 km from my parents’ home in the   US  . I’m too far away to bring my mom breakfast in bed or give her kisses. (9)B_______ when Mother’s Day comes, I’ll call my mom from   China  . Over the (10) p________, I’ll tell her I love her. No matter how far away I go, she’s always in my heart.

   

4  On a hot summer day, a little boy decided to go for a swim in the lake behind his house. He (1) j            into the water, not realizing a crocodile was swimming (2) t            him.

In his house his mother was looking out of the window. She saw the animal getting closer and closer to (3) h         son. She ran to the water, shouting as (4) l          as possible to her son.

Hearing his (5) v         , the little boy made a U – turn to swim to his mother. It was too (6) l         . The crocodile reached him just (7) a          he reached his mother. The mother held her little boy by the arm as the crocodile bit () his legs. The crocodile was much stronger8 t          the mother, but the mother would never give up.  Luckily, a farmer happened to drive by, heard their calling for (9) h       , and shot the animal. The little boy was       (10) s      .

After that, the little boy said to the reporter, “I love my mum! She never let me go when I was in ganger!”

5  There was a Van Gogh(梵高) art exhibition in Taipei from (1) D           , 2009 to March, 2012. (2) O       200,000 people went to see the paintings by the world well-known artist. However, when Van Gogh was alive, he wasn’t very (3) p        .

Van Gogh Started painting at the (4) a       of 27 and died when he was 37. He painted almost 2,000 painting during those ten years, but didn’t become (5) f          . In fact, he was only able to sell a single painting during his whole life. (6)A        time went by, his paintings became very valuable. His Sunflowers was sold for 39.000.000 US dollars. It is still one of the most (7)e          paintings in the world.

It is quite ironic(讽刺的) When Van Gogh was alive, hardly anybody wanted to buy his paintings. After he was dead, everyone wanted the paintings but few had (8) e         money to buy them. Most people of Van Gogh’s time could neither see the beauty of his paintings (9)

n        understand him. But for those people (10) w        had the chance to visit the exhibition, maybe they see what a beautiful mind he had.

6   As teenagersyou have many dreamsThese dreams can be very bigsuch as winning the Nobel Prizeor they can be smallYou may just want to become one of the ten best students in your (1) c        

Once you find a dreamwhat do you do (2) w        it? Do you ever try to make your dream real?

Follow Your Heartby Australian writer Andrew Matthews tells us that (3) m        our dreams real is lifes biggest challenge

You may think youre not very good at some school subjectsor that it is impossible for you to become a writerThese kinds of thoughts (4) p          you from reaching your dreamthe book says

In (5) f        everyone can make his dream come trueThe first thing you must do is to remember the dream in your mind

(6) D        let it leave your heartKeep telling yourself what you wantDo this step by step and your dream will come true faster because a big dream is made up of many small (7) o       Please never give them up

There will be difficulties on the road to your dreamsBut the biggest comes from yourselfYou need to (8) d        what is the most importantStudying instead of watching TV will (9) l       to better exam resultswhile saving five yuan instead of buying an ice cream means you can buy anew bookAs you get (10) c       to your dreamit may change a littleThis is good as you have the chance to learn more skills and find new interests

   

参考答案

1    1 dark     2 listen       3 voices   4 nobody  5 empty  6 forget

2    1 looked    2 As         3 joined  4 could    5 but

6 himself    7 down       8 for    9 wrong    10 if

3   1 for        2 also        3 my    4 nice     5 mother

6 On       7 make       8  best   9 But      10 phone

4   1 jumped    2 to/ towards   3 her    4  loudly  5 voice 

6 late      7  as          8 than    9 help    10 saved

5   1 December     2 Over    3 popular    4 age   5 famous  

6 As  7 expensive/excellent  8 enough   9  nor   10 who

6   1 class     2 with    3 making   4 prevent  5 fact

6 Don’t   7  once   8  decide  9  lead   10close/closer

   

 

 

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